Activities of Daily Livings (ADLs)
The following are the activities of ADLs:
- Dressing – Choosing appropriate clothing for the day, includes laying-out of clothing, actual applying and changing clothing, special appliances or wraps, transfers, mobility.
- Grooming – Personal hygiene, includes basic hair care, oral care, nail care (except recipients who are diabetic or have poor circulation), shaving hair, applying cosmetics and deodorant, care of eyeglasses, contact lenses and hearing aids.
- Bathing – Starting and finishing a bath or shower, transfers, mobility, positioning, using soap, rinsing, drying, inspecting skin and applying lotion.
- Eating – Getting food into the body, transfers, mobility, positioning, hand washing, applying of orthotics needed for eating, feeding, preparing meals and grocery shopping.
- Transfers – Moving from one seating/reclining area or position to another.
- Mobility – Moving including assistance with ambulation, including use of a wheelchair. Mobility does not include providing transportation for a recipient.
- Positioning – Including assistance with positioning or turning a recipient for necessary care and comfort.
- Toileting – Bowel/bladder elimination and care, transfers, mobility, positioning, feminine hygiene, use of toileting equipment or supplies, cleansing the perineal area and inspecting skin and adjusting clothing.
- Health-Related Procedures and Tasks – Health related procedures and tasks according to PCA policy. Examples include: range of motion and passive exercise, assistance with self-administered medication including bringing medication to the recipient, and assistance with opening medication under the direction of the recipient or responsible party, interventions, monitoring and observations for seizure disorders, and other activities listed on the care plan and considered within the scope of the PCA service meeting the definition of health-related procedures and tasks.
- Behavior – Redirecting, intervening, observing, monitoring and documenting behavior.
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)
Covered service for recipients over age 18 years only, such as: meal planning and preparation, basic assistance with paying the bills, shopping for food, clothing, and other essential items like performing household tasks integral to the personal care assistance services; assisting with recipient’s communication by telephone, and other media, and accompanying the recipient with traveling to medical appointments and participation in the community.